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This page documents the modern lobbying practice as a generic design for broad-based decision guidance.


  1. ^ Dating by the most common institutions targeted, the executive and legislature. This is the date of the Crown and Parliament Recognition Act, following on the Glorious Revolution (1688) and the Bill of Rights (1689). It serves as the default date of origin for institutions of modern democracy that have no more definite origin. Here we are speaking of institutions in the modern era, not antiquity or the middle ages; and institutions in large states, not city states.
  2. ^ a b c "Lobbying (also lobby) is the act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in the government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies."
  3. ^ a b The substance of the influence is generally informal and remains under the lobbyist's control.
  4. ^ a b c d As for the legislators or executives who are lobbied.
  5. ^ It is a traditional practice, long established.
  6. ^ The discrete alternatives under consideration by the lobbyist may be numerous, but not unbounded.