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This page documents the modern legislature as a generic design for broad-based decision guidance. This is an unconventional view of a legislature; it serves mainly as a comparative reference.



  1. ^ Acceptance of the legislature as a source of legislative guidance in itself rests on its constitutional authority. Even when elected, the consensus of the electors cannot be construed as direct legislative guidance. Nor can the votes of the legislators give the legislation a currency of consensus when the legislators are but a tiny fraction of the law-obeying population. While in office, the body of law makers is an elite authority.
  2. ^ This is the date of the Crown and Parliament Recognition Act, following on the Glorious Revolution (1688) and the Bill of Rights (1689). It serves as the default date of origin for institutions of modern democracy that have no more definite origin. Here we are speaking of institutions in the modern era, not antiquity or the middle ages; and institutions in large states, not city states.
  3. ^ a b A traditional legislature has punctual votes. As generally with punctual voting, the candidate bill is immutable.
  4. ^ The legislature is an elite, elected body.
  5. ^ a b Though often initiated by executive officers, legislatures typically have the final say on a budget.
  6. ^ A parliamentary legislature has an effective veto over the prime minister and his (or her) cabinet, because it can eventually bring down the government on a motion of no confidence. This is not decisive over the entire power structure, however, because the legislature does not directly appoint deep within the bureaucracy.
  7. ^ Legislatures typically appoint committees, but not large bodies.
  8. ^ The legislature decides laws.
  9. ^ Legislatures typically appoint officers or possess a veto over their appointments.
  10. ^ The legislature decides issues of law.
  11. ^ Legislatures are a traditional system, long established.
  12. ^ A typical voting procedure allows for both expressions of assent (aye) and dissent (nay).