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This page documents the modern executive officer as a generic design for broad-based decision guidance. This is an unconventional view of an executive; it serves mainly as a comparative reference.


  1. ^ Even if the executive is elected, the consensus of electors cannot be construed as direct executive guidance. The currency is that of authority, not of consensus.
  2. ^ This is the date of the Crown and Parliament Recognition Act, following on the Glorious Revolution (1688) and the Bill of Rights (1689). It serves as the default date of origin for institutions of modern democracy that have no more definite origin. Here we are speaking of institutions in the modern era, not antiquity or the middle ages; and institutions in large states, not city states.
  3. ^ a b The executive participant (the officer himself, or herself) may typically revise the "text" of his decisions, even after the fact.
  4. ^ The executive officer is a single person.
  5. ^ a b Generally a finance officer has a decisive initiative in budgetary matters, even though the legislature may have an effective veto.
  6. ^ Even the chief executive officer does not decide the entire power structure, because he (or she) does not directly appoint deep within the bureaucracy.
  7. ^ The officer decides plans, among other norms.
  8. ^ The officer appoints immediate subordinate officers.
  9. ^ The executive officer decides issues of execution.
  10. ^ It is a traditional system, long established.
  11. ^ The discrete alternatives under consideration by the officer may be numerous, but not unbounded.